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Glossary


Instructions

Select a glossary term in the selection box in the left margin to view the definition as it pertains to Avdel® fastening solutions and installation tooling.

ANVIL

The part of an installation tool nose assembly used to swage the collar of a lockbolt fastener. Commonly known as a swaging anvil.

BEARING SURFACE

The head or tail of the fastener which is in contact with the outer surface of the joint material.

BLIND HOLE

A hole which can only be accessed from one end.

BLIND FASTENER

A fastener that can be installed with access to only one side of the work piece.

BLIND SIDE

The side of the joint which cannot be accessed. E.g. the inside surface of a tubular or box section.

BODY

The portion of a breakstem fastener that expands into the parent material.

BODY LENGTH

A dimensioned length from the fastener head to the tail.

BREAKER GROOVE

The weakened groove in the stem or pin of a fastener allowing it to break at a pre-determined load.

BREAKSTEM FASTENER

A fastener which is installed by gripping and pulling the end of the mandrel/stem. As installation is completed, the end of the stem fractures at the breaker groove and is discarded, leaving the head of the stem in the fastener body.


Interactive Demo

BROACH

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
The action of pulling the mandrel though the speed fastener in order to place it.


Interactive Demo

BROACH LOAD

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
The force required to pull the mandrel through the speed fastener in order to place it.

BSW - WHITWORTH THREAD

An imperial thread form standard, no longer in mainstream use. It is covered by British Standard BS 84.

BULBING

The physical action of the fastener body swelling (bulbing radially) against the rear face of the joint when placed. Generally found in breakstem fasteners, speed fasteners and threaded inserts.


Interactive Demo

CLAMP LOAD

The compressive load induced in the joint by the installed fastener. The residual clamp load (or joint pre-tension) is the compressive load remaining in the joint after the fastener is installed. Higher clamp loads are experienced during fastener installation (pulling force).

CLENCH

The ability of a fastener to draw together and hold together initially separated joint material components, during the installation process. i.e. "Gap closing" ability.

COLLAR CROPPER/SPLITTER

An installation tool attachment that removes collars from lockbolt fasteners.

COMPLETE HOLE FILL

Fasteners with this capability expand to fill irregular, slotted, oversize or misaligned holes.

DRIVE SCREW

The male threaded part in the nose of a threaded insert installation tool, which engages the female thread of inserts.

FASTENER BODY

The section of the fastener, excluding the head, which is generally the functioning/expanding part in contact with the joint.

FATIGUE STRENGTH

The ability of a fastener to resist fracture when subjected to cyclic variations in stress.

FILLET RADIUS

The concave junction at two intersecting surfaces of a fastener.

FIT

The range of tightness within a joint, which can occur due to the combination of fastener and parent material tolerances.

FLANGE

A disc shaped rim formed on the end of a cylindrical object, often related to the head geometry of a fastener.

FLANGED COLLAR

A type of lockbolt collar with a flange, which provides an increased bearing surface.

FULL COLLAR

A standard full height lockbolt collar.

GAP CLOSING

The ability of a fastener to draw together and hold together initially separated joint material components, during the installation process. i.e. "Gap closing" ability.

GRIP

The total thickness of a closed joint.

GRIP RANGE

The difference between the minimum and maximum grip at which a fastener will operate.

HALF COLLAR

A reduced height lockbolt collar used for minimal collar protrusion. Note: will reduce tensile performance.

HEADFORM

The style characteristics of the fastener head. Eg. low profile, large flange, countersunk.

HOLE FILL

The ability of a fastener to fill the clearance hole in which it is installed. It is achieved by radial expansion of the fastener body during the installation process.


Interactive Demo

HOST MATERIAL

The application material which is being fastened together. Also referred to as the joint or parent material.

HYDRO-PNEUMATIC

Refers to installation tools. The use of an air over oil intensification system to generate the necessary forces required for fastener installation.

INSTALLATION TOOL

The tooling used to install a fastener. Can be hand operated or powered.

JOINT MATERIAL

The application material which is being fastened together. Also referred to as the host or parent material.

LEAD-IN CHAMFER

The tapered end of a fastener which aids insertion into the hole.

LOCKBOLT FASTENER

A two piece fastener comprising of a pin and collar, e.g. Avdelok® or Maxlok®. Access is required to both sides of the joint and installation is achieved by swaging the collar onto the locking grooves of the pin.

LOCKING GROOVES

A set of grooves on the pin of a lockbolt fastener, into which the collar is swaged.

MAGAZINE-FED

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
Refers to a number of speed fasteners, which may be handled and loaded into an installation tool as a single item.

MANDREL

A specially processed steel rod onto which the magazine of speed fasteners is loaded. The stem of a breakstem fastener can also be referred to as a mandrel.

Speed Fastener
Breakstem Fastener
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MAXIMUM GRIP

The largest recommended thickness of joint material for a fastener.

MAXIMUM TORQUE

The maximum recommended torque to be applied to the bolt, which will not cause thread distortion or failure in the threaded insert.

MECHANICALLY LOCKED STEM

The stem or mandrel is locked in the fastener shell during placement via a mechanical system. This eliminates the risk of the stem vibrating loose from the fastener head and the problems associated with loose stems e.g. Monobolt®.


Interactive Demo

MINIMUM GRIP

The smallest recommended thickness of joint material for a fastener.

NOSE ASSEMBLY/NOSE EQUIPMENT

A kit of parts fitted to an installation tool. The nose assembly must be matched to a specific fastener as it influences its installation and performance.

NOSE TIP

The interchangeable front most part of a nose assembly. The nose tip must be matched to a specific fastener as it influences its installation and performance.

PARENT MATERIAL

The application material which is being fastened together. Also referred to as the joint or host material.

PASSIVATION/PASSIVATED

A process which enhances the appearance and corrosion resistance of certain plated finishes on fasteners.

PEEL-TYPE TAIL

A rivet body which is designed to split open on the blind side of the joint during the installation process to provide a large blind side bearing area in soft materials E.g. T-Lok®.


Interactive Demo

POD

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
A magazine of speed fasteners contained within a strip of bonded paper tape.

PULLING FORCE

The axial force the tool applies during the installation of fasteners.

PULL GROOVES

A set of grooves on a fastener stem to enhance the grip of the tool when pulling.

PULL-OUT

The minimum force required to cause the insert to pull through and out of the parent material.

PUSH-OUT

The minimum force required to cause the insert to push through and out of the parent material.

REPITITION RIVETING

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
A speed fastening installation system where a magazine of fasteners is loaded into an installation tool and placed into application material in rapid succession. This product facilitates very rapid installation rates.


Interactive Demo

RESIDUAL CLAMP LOAD

The compressive load induced in the joint by the installed fastener. The residual clamp load (or joint pre-tension) is the compressive load remaining in the joint after the fastener is installed. Higher clamp loads are experienced during fastener installation (pulling force).

SHANK LENGTH

A dimensioned length from the fastener head to the tail.

SHEAR LOAD

The load applied to a fastener along the joint interface.

SHEET TAKE-UP

The ability of a fastener to draw together and hold together initially separated joint material components, during the installation process. i.e. "Gap closing" ability.

SPEED FASTENER

A tubular fastener which is specifically configured as part of the Avdel® speed fastening system. The fasteners are supplied as multiples in a disposable magazine, or loose for Avdel® continuous feed systems.

SPEED FASTENING SYSTEM

(with reference to Avdel® Speed Fastening System)
A speed fastening installation tool into which a magazine of fasteners is loaded. This system facilitates very rapid installation rates.


Interactive Demo

STEM

The component part of a breakstem fastener that is retained within the body. Also known as the mandrel.

STEM RETENTION

The force required to separate the stem from the body of an uninstalled breakstem fastener.

SWAGING

The action of permanently radially deforming the collar of a lockbolt onto the pin.

TENSILE LOAD

The load applied to a fastener along its length.

THREADED INSERT

An insert for installation into sheet material where a receptacle for a male threaded component is required.


Interactive Demo

THROUGH HARDENED

A process to increase uniform material hardness.

TIR APPROVED

A standard used by the Vehicle Inspectorate - Executive Agency. It is an approved bonding scheme enabling goods vehicles to travel between countries approved by their respective Customs Authorities. The bonding scheme ensures that all load compartments, once sealed (using TIR approved fasteners), cannot have anything added or taken from them without breaking seals or leaving obvious traces of structural damage.

TORQUE-TO-TURN

Typically the torque required to rotate the installed fastener in the application material, usually applies to threaded inserts.

ULTIMATE SHEAR STRENGTH

The failure load of the fastener in a shear situation. It may not reflect the strength of the joint material.

ULTIMATE TENSILE STRENGTH

The failure load of the fastener in a tensile situation. It may not reflect the strength of the joint material.

UNC - UNIFIED COARSE THREAD

An imperial thread form standard, prefered in the USA. It is covered by British Standard BS 1580.

UNF - UNIFIED FINE THREAD

An imperial thread form standard, prefered in the USA. It is covered by British Standard BS 1580.